Betting Structures in Texas Holdem
A term that typically refers to the money/betting aspect of a game is the game's limit. High-limit games are ones that involve a lot of money. Low-limit games are the opposite. As far as how the betting amounts go we have...
Fixed Limit or Structured Limit (FL)
This means that the amount that can be bet is set. These games will be called things like $1/$2 or $20/$40 games. In Hold 'Em, the amount that can be bet preflop or on the flop is the first number. In a $5/$10 game, you'll be betting $5 at a time. On the turn and river, the amount doubles. In that same $5/$10 game, players bet $10 at a time after the turn card is dealt.
There is a limit of four bets per player per betting round. That means a player can bet, get re-raised, re-raise again, and be re-raised.
You may encounter a structured game with three betting amounts, like $5/$10/$20. This is the same as before except on the river. On that round of betting, players can bet either of the two final amounts. In the case of a $5/$10/$20 game, that means a player can bet $10 or $20 on the river.
This is where players can bet within a certain range of amounts. In a $1-$5 game, a player can bet between $1 and $5 during any betting round.
If there are four amounts, like $1-$5-$10-$10, that means you can bet between $1 and $5 preflop and on the flop. On the turn it goes up to the 3rd number (between $1 and $10), and on the river it goes up to the last number (between $1 and $10).
If there are three amounts, like $1-$5-$10, that means that you can bet from $1 to $5 during any betting round, but on the river you can bet between $1 and $10. This would be the same as a $1-$5-$5-$10 game.
Pot Limit (PL)
This is where a player can bet any amount between the cost of the big blind and the size of the pot on any betting round. When two amounts are used in reference to a pot limit game (like "$1/$2 pot limit"), the amounts are merely the costs of the blinds and have no bearing on the amount you can bet, except that the minimum bet will be the larger of those two numbers. Often in pot limit, the first person to bet will be allowed to bet 3 or 4 times the size or the pot, although this is sometimes only allowed preflop. That rule can change depending on the game.
Popular in Europe, this is like pot limit except that a player can bet amounts between the cost of the big blind and half the size of the pot.
No Limit (NL)
This is where you can bet any amount between the cost of the big blind and the amount of money you have on the table on any betting round. When two amounts are used in reference to a no limit game (like "$3/$6 no limit"), the amounts are just the costs of the blinds and have no relationship to the amount that a player can bet, except that the minimum bet will be the larger number.
Additionally, there are other factors that affect how much you can bet and how many players win a pot. Check our information on these different game types for more info.
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